Making Move-Out More Sustainable

As the academic year begins to wind down, a familiar frenetic buzz washes over Wake Forest’s student body.

The stresses of finals and the excitement of summer command the attention of students, so most are hellbent on rushing through the move-out process and escaping at the end of the semester.

During this frenzy, efforts to recycle dorm room supplies and books sometimes fall by the wayside. 

“I’m cognizant of a lot of things, but unfortunately, waste management is not on the list,” said sophomore Kyle Ferrer. “Sadly, I’m the rule I think, not the exception.”

Each year during the move-out period, the Office of Sustainability tailors its efforts with this apathetic or hurried mentality in mind by simplifying the process as much as possible. By doing so, students can assist sustainability efforts without even realizing it.

“We work closely with Residence Life and Housing on move-out communications at the end of each school year in preparation for move-out,” said Ally Hellenga, the communication and events coordinator for the Office of Sustainability. “Residence Life and Housing collaborates with Goodwill to secure donation bins that are placed in the lobby of each residence hall.”

During the 2017 move-out period, 42,074 pounds of both recyclable and non-recyclable waste was collected from containers outside residence halls across campus, according to the Office of Sustainability.

Student awareness of which bins certain items can be placed in is essential to minimizing improper disposal.

“We know if you wait until the last second, you are just trying to shove everything in your car,” said Brian Cohen, the program coordinator for the Office of Sustainability. “It can be tough, so we try to get people to plan ahead.”

When students decide to shed themselves of old furniture and other extraneous items from their dorm rooms, myriad items are eligible for donation.

“It is our hope that sending anything to the landfill is the absolute last resort for students during move-out,” Hellenga said. “Reusable housewares, clothing, small appliances, school supplies, canned/dried food, and furniture should all be placed in blue ‘Deacs Donate’ bins.”

In recent years, sustainability efforts have become a more important focus among university administrators nationwide. According to the Association for Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE), more than 601 higher institutions, primarily in the United States, have become AASHE members. These institutions’ sustainability efforts are now assessed by AASHE and are given a grade based on the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment and Rating System (STARS).

These efforts have not been limited to universities, as companies within the business sector, like Walmart, have taken steps to decrease negative environmental impacts related to waste and carbon emission. These efforts are both cost-effective for businesses and helpful in decreasing the use of non-renewable resources.

One such business, Better World Books, works closely with Wake Forest to collect book donations from Wake Forest students. In 2017, Better World Books collected 2,555 pounds of books from Wake Forest for resale or donation.

“Our model has evolved over the years,” said Dustin Holland, Vice President of Global Sales and Marketing at Better World Books. “We used to have a group of college kids who would coordinate book drives at college campuses all over the country, but over the past few years, we have begun establishing strategic relationships [with administrations] on college campuses.”

When Better World Books re-sells a book donated by Wake Forest, a portion of the proceeds go to the Augustine Literacy Project, which supports literacy efforts among low-income children in Winston-Salem.

The Office of Sustainability ensures that students can seamlessly make donations to Better World Books during their move-out process.

“Most students will go to try to sell their books back, and if they will not take them back, or they offer you a price that’s not worth it, the bins are in a convenient location, and you can just drop them right there,” Cohen said.

Though guaranteeing that each student plans carefully and acts considerately when moving out at the end of the school year is unfeasible, through providing more information in advance of the move-out period and streamlining the process by which students can move out in the most environmentally-friendly way possible, the Office of Sustainability considers progress in this area to be more attainable.

“Outreach is constantly evolving. We are looking at what works and what does not work,” Cohen said. “It is simply a matter of reaching as many students as possible.”

DJ/Singer gnash to Headline Spring Concert

The spring semester at Wake Forest is marked by several events that students always look forward to: campus days, Springfest, Shag on the Mag and the spring concert.

On March 23, Student Union announced that the headliner for the spring concert would be DJ and singer gnash. The spring concert will be held on the Lower Quad at 7 p.m. on May 2, the last day of classes (LDOC). In addition to the concert, there will be a free cookout and a beer garden open to students of age, with a valid state ID card.

In light of the announcement, students communicated concern over the choice of the artist.

“I’ve never even heard of gnash,” said freshman Emily Beauchamp.

Gnash is an American DJ and singer, best known for his 2016 single, “i hate u, i love u” which features Olivia O’Brien, and for being the featured artist on MAX’s 2016 single “Lights Down Low.”

In the past few weeks, gnash has performed as the opening artist for All Time Low on The Last Young Renegades Tour: Part II. Between 2016 and 2017, he even headlined his own tour, The U, Me & Us Tour in North America.

Gnash’s appearance at Wake Forest’s spring concert will not be his first time performing for an audience of college students only. Last March, he performed at the spring concert at Chapman University, a private college in California.

Despite recent success, gnash is not as popular as previous spring concert headliners. In the past, the spring concert has featured musical artists such as rap duo Rae Sremmurd in 2017 and DJ duo The Chainsmokers in 2016.

The Cinema & Music Committee within Student Union works to research and bring in the musical acts for the spring concert. According to senior Alyssa Alpino, the chair of the committee responsible for headliners, they used results from a survey conducted last year to gauge students’ preferences regarding genre and possible artists. However, money also does play a factor.

“Ultimately, we must apply for concert funding through the Student Activity Fee (SAF), so funding makes a huge impact on who we are able to bring,” Alpino said. “Once we received our allotted dollar amount, we looked at our survey results for genre preferences, selected artists we thought students would like and checked to see if those artists were available.”

Further, the concert will be free for students, only requiring that students RSVP. Alpino said the accessibility of having the concert be free, as well as on-campus, will entice more students to attend.

Students, such as sophomore Jackson Cogar, have also expressed concerns over the lateness of the concert date with it being so close to finals.

“I think it’s a bad idea to put the spring concert on the last day of class,” Cogar said. “Ideally, it would be on a weekend not near finals, earlier in the semester.”

However, Alpino believes that having the concert is the best way to celebrate the end of the semester as a community.

“LDOC is a day when most students want to have some fun and take a break before exams start,” Alpino said.

“Student Union also wants to serve as many students as possible. Many students want to have some fun, which can boost our attendance, and allow our student body to come together as a community.”

Wendell Dunn Makes a Difference Off the Field

Wendell Dunn is celebrated by most people as the two-time captain and four-year starter of the Wake Forest football team who played an integral role in changing the culture and direction of the program. But for a group of local 13 and 14-year-olds, he is known as a mentor and friend — someone who believes in them and in their potential for success.

For two years, Dunn has teamed up with Wake Forest education professor Alan Brown to lead an after-school sports literacy program for students at Paisley IB Magnet School in Winston-Salem, leaving behind a legacy that extends far beyond BB&T Field.

The program, which meets once a week, has been an opportunity for boys in need of extra support to connect with a mentor who relates to the struggles many of them face both at home and at school. To begin each Thursday afternoon, Brown and Dunn pass out snacks and initiate conversation through an “accountable talk” session where the boys have the floor, responding to a few questions about how things are going in their lives, at school and of course, with sports.

For Dunn, this is an important part of his weekly visits, especially since he sees a lot of himself in the boys participating each week.

Dunn recalls that when he was in middle school he failed to take school seriously, and that it took someone who was patient and worthy of earning his trust for him to realize his potential.

“I had a lot of mentors, but when I talk about the person that helped me change my life I usually talk about my eighth-grade science teacher, Jen Borton, who is now the person that I call mom,” Dunn said. “She was willing to help at all costs and she showed love.”

For Dunn, earning the trust of the boys was imperative, which is why he chose to commit himself to the program as a regular leader.

“I told Wendell he had two options, he could come by from time to time or he could put some time in and come each week,” Brown said. “He chose to join me each week and has matured as a leader and a teacher.”

Dunn recalled that when he first met with Brown and learned that the literacy group would consist of eighth-graders, he knew he had to commit to it weekly, that it was a sign from God for him to work with youth that were of the same age he was when he found a mentor in his eighth-grade teacher, affectionately now known to him as Mama Jen.

Just as it required patience from Mama Jen for Dunn to trust her, Dunn recalled that it took about two months for the boys to trust him, and that once the trust was established, only then was the group willing to open up about issues going on in their lives.

Meaningful dialogue was not restricted to the informal “accountable talk” sessions, however, as the group spent most of their time together reading one of Brown’s hand-selected young adult novels. 

Brown, who researches secondary teacher education, has found that the intersection of sports and culture within young adult literature has the opportunity to create readers out of students who may otherwise have little interest in picking up a book — and one of the first books the group read was The Contender by Robert Lipsyte of The New York Times.

The group read Lipsyte’s book — a novel about a high school dropout that learns discipline through boxing — and eventually decided to throw the book a 50th anniversary party, an event that required the boys to take ownership of its planning and organization.

With the support of Paisley Middle School teacher and Wake Forest graduate Bailey Allman (’15), Brown and Dunn were able to help the boys pull off the celebration. Faculty and friends gathered to watch the boys take turns standing in front of an audience, read their favorite quote from the book and explain why it had meaning to them in their lives.

“All of our boys killed it,” Dunn said of the event. “They nailed it. Robert Lipsyte was happy, we had faculty there and some of them cried because they couldn’t believe that these boys enjoyed this book and that it impacted their lives.”

Another proud member in attendance watching this day was Lipsyte himself, who claimed that the party was one of the “all-time greatest experiences” of his life. Lipsyte has been an observer of Dunn and his development over the past two years, working with the boys in the literacy program.

“He has a wonderfully easy way with these kids,” Lipsyte said of Dunn. “He is somebody who was once like them and has now gone on to do great things. He is a terrific human being.”

Lipsyte has not been the only one watching Dunn’s development as a leader. Wake Forest football head coach Dave Clawson had much to say about what Dunn has meant to his program and to this community, claiming, “Wendell has the ability to relate to everybody, whether that be underclassmen, upperclassmen or whoever. He has a unique ability to relate to other people. He is genuine, warm and has a sincere concern for other people.”

Dunn leaves behind a legacy unlike any other at Wake Forest. His school record of 50 career starts for the football team is second to none, but so is his embodiment of the university’s motto, “Pro Humanitate” — which for Dunn means “putting others before oneself, doing things that probably won’t benefit you in any way, shape or form, but just doing it because you know it will help others.”

If Dunn were to have it his way, his legacy would be defined as an example to others that no one stands on too high of a pedestal to feel like they shouldn’t have a responsibility to help others, if given the opportunity.

For Clawson, Dunn leaves behind a legacy of leadership.

“Wendell was a proactive leader. He was a giver, not a taker. Anything he did he did with others in mind. He is one of those people that I see myself being in touch with in 20 years,” Clawson said.

As Dunn looks to the days ahead, he recognizes that his future is bright.

“Right now I am enrolled in grad school — and I am also training to go to the NFL. That’s my dream. That’s where I am going. I’m probably not going to get drafted but I’ve always been an underdog so that doesn’t matter to me,” Dunn said. “I’m going to get on somebody’s roster. I have an agent and everything looks good. But let’s say something goes wrong and the NFL doesn’t work out; I’m already in grad school here and Dr. Alan Brown has said that I can always come back here and finish.”

For Lipsyte, he sees Dunn as a teacher one day, just as soon as his days playing in the NFL are over. 

How To: Study Smarter

The end of the school year is approaching quickly and students are beginning to prepare for their final exams. Here are a few study tips and tricks to help ace your finals.

Five Day Study Plan 

Everyone is told that the best way to learn is to study in small chunks over a long period of time. Many students either don’t know the best way of going about this strategy or feel they do not have enough time to execute it. However, the five day study plan is a great way to conduct distributed practice instead of cramming the night before.

This strategy involves some planning beforehand. To begin, block off approximately two hours each day starting five days before the exam. Next, divide the material that will be on the test into four sections and arrange them in a list from 1-4. Four being the material that you know the least and one being the material you feel the most confident about. Five days before the exam, spend the entire two hours studying the material you feel the least confident about (number four). On the second day, spend an hour and a half studying the next section on your list (number three) then take the remaining 30 minutes to look over number four. On the third day, look over section 2 for an hour and a half then look over sections three and four for 15 minutes each. Continue this pattern on day four, and on day five, look over all four sections for 30 minutes each.

Pomodoro Technique 

The Pomodoro Technique is a great way for you to divide studying into little chunks so that the task does not feel overwhelming. It also allows small break periods as rewards so you do not become tired and bored as quickly.

To prepare for the Pomodoro Technique, you should create a to-do list of assignments to complete and then prioritize the most urgent. The trick to this technique is dividing your allotted study time into 30-minute chunks, called Pomodoros. For each 30-minute chunk, you should spend 25 minutes doing work with no distractions or easy cell phone access. Then the remaining five minutes can be spent on the phone, on a bathroom break or just  relaxing.

After four Pomodoros have been completed, it is recommended that you take a longer 15-30 minute break before starting the next set of four chunks. This break can be spent watching an episode of your favorite show on Netflix or getting a bite to eat in Benson.

After completing each Pomodoro, checking off an assignment from your to-do list is an extremely satisfying feeling that motivates you to keep working.

45-10-5

The 45-10-5 method is very similar to the Pomodoro Technique, however, it has larger chunks. Like Pomodoro you need to create a list of assignments and prioritize those that have upcoming due dates.

However, the difference is you should work non-stop with no distractions for 45 minutes. Then you should take a 10 minute break to unwind before continuing your work. Finally, the last five minutes should be spent reviewing what you just finished studying before moving on to the next chunk.

This routine also divides daunting amounts of work into smaller chunks so that you feel less overwhelmed by completing them. The technique also motivates you to continue working because of the satisfaction factor that you will feel after checking off an assignment from your to-do list.

After working for a couple chunks, it is suggested that students give themselves rewards like listening to music or spending an hour with friends. After completing an alloted number of tasks on your list, treating yourself to a meal off campus or a trip to Hanes Mall is a great way to reward yourself for your hard work.

Organization Tips 

It’s important that you stay organized during finals and throughout the school year. It’s a scary moment when you realize you forgot to write a five page paper the night before it’s due. There are many ways to stay organized and keep track of work that needs to be completed.

The Google Calendar app is a great way to keep your daily schedule organized by keeping track of due dates, appointments and other extracurriculars. One way to stay on top of your work is by scheduling time each day to do homework and setting a reminder to actually sit down and work.

Another app, called Wunderlist, helps with task management by allowing the user to create to-do lists consisting of assignments and their due dates. The app then prioritizes these assignments based on their due date, which is beneficial when conducting the Pomodoro Technique and the 45-10-5 Technique.

Although apps are a great resource for students, an old fashioned to-do list or planner can also be extremely helpful. By writing down everything you need to complete, you can visualize your responsibilities and make it easier to break down.

Independence of the Wake Forest Review Examined

“The Independent Newspaper at Wake Forest,” is how the Wake Forest Review self-brands itself as a student publication. Yet, with a nine-member, conservative Board of Directors and their status as part of a network comprised of almost 100 other conservative student publications, the Wake Forest Review’s journalistic integrity is called into question, as funding sources remain undisclosed.

“I think there are a number of reporters and journalists at the Wake Forest Review that are interested in practicing good, fair, accurate journalism, which they do,” said Justin Catanoso, a journalism professor at Wake Forest. “[However], the fact that their newspaper is sponsored by a very partisan, politically astute and ideologically-driven group of donors and institutions really calls into question how independent that independent newspaper can be. When you lose that independence, you lose your credibility.”

The Wake Forest Review was founded by a group of students looking to, according to their mission statement, “question progressive thought and preserve conservative principles by providing fair and enlightening journalism that educates the community from a libertarian and conservative perspective.”

Choosing to remain an un-chartered student organization, the Wake Forest Review deems itself the independent newspaper at Wake Forest. Becoming chartered makes organizations eligible for funding from Student Government.

“When we first started the Review a number of administrators, including the Dean of Students and Provost, suggested that we become a chartered student organization,” said Ryan Wolfe, the digital director of the Review. “Ultimately, we decided to become a 501c3 non-profit corporation as we had concerns about the potential for biased oversight.”

In the creation of the Wake Forest Review, former Editor in Chief Sabin Sidney and current Editor in Chief Anthony Palumbo initially turned to the Collegiate Network, an organization for helping student journalists establish conservative campus publications, for guidance on forming a conservative publication independent from Wake Forest.

“We started in the fall of 2016, and the initial funding we went to was the Collegiate Network, because they do a lot of different independent, conservative papers on college campuses,” Palumbo said. “The Collegiate Network basically said, ‘These are our papers and this is our network.’ So I send them emails and say, ‘Can you tell me a little more about your flow, how do you run things?’ There were a few conversations that we used to shape how we are.”

Palumbo added that the Collegiate Network has not directly influenced the Review in their editorial process, offered stories to report on or provided specific language to follow. In addition to grants from the Collegiate Network, the Wake Forest Review is also funded by various anonymous donors, alumni and community members.

“We keep our donors private because they have a reasonable expectation of not having donations to a 501c3 publicly disclosed,” Wolfe said. “If individuals would like to publicly disclose that they have supported us, we encourage them to do so.”

The Review is also guided by a Board of Directors, including Republican voices such as Brooke Burr, the wife of Senator Richard Burr (R-NC), and Todd Poole, the District Director for Republican Congressman Ted Budd (NC-13). The nine-member board also hails three Wake Forest professors: Professors Tom Brister, Allen Louden and Robert Whaples from the politics, communications and economics departments respectively.

While the Review is donor-supported, they are still a member of the Collegiate Network. Today, run under the arm of the right-wing Intercollegiate Studies Institute, the Collegiate Network has almost 100 member student publications. Though created to help students establish campus-independent, conservative newspapers on their college campuses, the Collegiate Network also helps their student journalists with access to grants, internship opportunities and conferences. The controversy of the Collegiate Network and its parent organization lies in its largest donors, which can be found in publicly disclosed IRS 990 tax forms.

From 2010 to 2016, the Collegiate Network received $530,000 from the Bradley Foundation and $1,590,000 from the Sarah Scaife Foundation. The Intercollegiate Studies Institute, the parent organization, received $1,255,000 from the F.M. Kirby Foundation, $2,280,000 from the Bradley Foundation, $2,3000,000 from Devos Foundations and $2,200,000 from the Sarah Scaife Foundation.

Harry Bradley, of the Bradley Foundation, was an original founder of the far-right John Birch Society along with Fred Koch. The Foundation has helped fund voter suppression billboards in Wisconsin, anti-Islamic organizations (the Center for Security Policy, the Middle East Forum, and the David Horowitz Freedom Center) and challenges to civil rights — to name a few.

The Sarah Scaife Foundation also actively donates tens of millions of dollars annually to right-wing organizations such as the Heritage Foundation and the American Enterprise Institute. They also donate to anti-immigrant and anti-Islamic organizations such as the Center for Immigration Studies and the David Horowitz Freedom Center.

Although a new member of the Collegiate Network, the Wake Forest Review won the “Best New Media Award” at the 2017 Collegiate Network conference.

Similarly to other Collegiate Network publications, the Wake Forest Review openly embraces its position as a conservative publication on campus. By writing stories such like “Wake Forest Declines to Enforce Harassment Policies for Conservative Student,” “How Wake Forest Turned to the Left” or “How to Survive College as a Conservative,” the intended audience and readership is clear for other conservative students and faculty on campus. In addition to writing stories about their political beliefs, the Review has also hosted conservative visitors such as North Carolina Lt. Gov. Dan Forest and U.S. Rep. Mark Meadows (R-NC) for visits and as official speakers.

More recently, this February Wolfe was featured on Fox News’s “Tucker Carlson Tonight” after the release of their story “Wake Forest Declines to Enforce Harassment Policies for Conservative Student.” The Review was also featured on Breitbart News with an article titled “Wake Forest Publications Committee Chair Calls Conservative Student Newspaper ‘Propaganda’” and has been featured on other conservative publications such as Daily Caller, Campus Reform and Townhall.

Palumbo also noted that their role models throughout the process were the Dartmouth Review and the Carolina Review — both members of the Collegiate Network. Similarly to the Wake Forest Review branding itself as “The Independent Newspaper at Wake Forest,” the Dartmouth Review lists itself as “Dartmouth College’s Only Independent Newspaper.” The Carolina Review is self-branded as “UNC’s Journal of Conservative and Libertarian Thought.”

Recognizing the potential for donors to influence a publication, Palumbo added that organizations must be wary of where their funding comes from. When pushed on the issue of dark money donations to the Conservative Network and its parent organization, the Intercollegiate Studies Institute, Palumbo noted that they aren’t the only ones to accept this kind of money.

“I think there’s dark money on the left and dark money on the right, and it’s important that people understand where money is coming from,” Palumbo said. “I also think that, as an organization, when you accept money from a foundation you just have to be cognisant of what kind of restrictions they’re putting on you, if any.”

Still, students on campus find the relationship between the Wake Forest Review’s donors, the Board of Directors and the Collegiate Network clouds  the Review’s ability to produce journalism.

“Regardless of one’s opinion of WFR, having donors and a board with a singular unified political intention makes you question the journalistic integrity of the publication,” said junior Laura Critz, a journalism minor. “There’s no way for readers to know if it’s truly the opinion of the Review or if it’s motivated by financial gain for the publication.”

Holi Arrives with Flying Colors

The South Asian Student Association and Hindu Student Association’s annual celebration of Holi, the Festival of Colors, involved free Indian food, music, dance performances, water balloons and powdered color. The ancient Hindu festival traditionally marks the start of spring and new beginnings.

Krishna Chopra/Old Gold & Black

“People of all backgrounds [can] come together,” freshman Savarni Sanka said.

Krishna Chopra/Old Gold & Black

Students enjoyed traditional food from the Indian subcontinent, including mango lassi, chicken 65, samosas and paneer tikka, which is made from South Asian cheese.

Krishna Chopra/Old Gold & Black

“I won’t remember sneezing purple for the rest of the day, but I will remember the experience of celebrating Holi with all of my friends,” sophomore Krishna Chopra said.

Krishna Chopra/Old Gold & Black

In the six years SASA and HSA have held Holi, attendance has grown from 25 to hundreds.

Mitchell Loll/WFU

Water fights are also a traditional part of Holi. Water guns called pichkaris are used on the Indian subcontinent.

Mitchell Loll/WFU

After a performance by Deacon Dhamaal, Wake Forest’s Bollywood fusion dance team, students threw dyed rice flour and water balloons at their friends.

Doral Moore Will Enter the NBA Draft

On Tuesday, April 17, Wake Forest junior center Doral Moore announced on Twitter that he will forgo his senior season and enter the NBA Draft, with plans of hiring an agent in the near future.

“I want to thank Coach Manning, the assistant coaches and Coach Horn for their guidance and preparing me to take this step,” Moore said. “I appreciate how they believed in me, stuck with me and pushed me to reach my potential. I developed so much, both as a player and a person, during my years at Wake Forest. I want to thank all my professors and tutors, especially Miss Jane [Caldwell], for pushing me academically and making me a better person. I will miss my teammates [and] my brothers, who shared the good times with me and helped me through the bad times. I also want to thank the Demon Deacon fans that supported us every night and made playing at Wake Forest an incredible experience.”

Moore, a native of Atlanta, GA., had a breakout junior season, averaging 11.1 points and 9.4 rebounds in 2017-18, while leading the team with 61 blocks. The 7-1 center was just one of two players in the ACC to average a double-double in conference play, joining Duke’s Marvin Bagley, who is projected by many to be a top five pick in this year’s NBA Draft.

Finding himself on the receiving end of many alley-oops, Moore gave himself plenty of high percentage attempts from the field. His 68.9 field goal percentage set a Wake Forest single season record.

Moore also posted the two longest consecutive field goal streaks in program history, a streak of 16 makes in November and 14 straight makes in ACC play in January.

At one point this season, Moore accomplished something that had not been done in a Wake Forest uniform since Tim Duncan put on the old gold and black in his senior season back in 1997.

He became the first Deacon to have six straight ACC games with double digit rebounds since Duncan, prompting coach Manning to say the following at the time: “Doral is — from where he started to where he’s at — he’s playing really, really well,” Manning said. “He showed a lot of improvement and we’re obviously really happy and proud of that. Still has some steps to go.”

Many have argued since the news broke yesterday that Moore still has some steps to go, and that the big man could have benefited from an additional year under the leadership of Coach Manning.

“We wish Doral the best of luck as he begins the next stage of his career,” Manning said. “We have seen his development over his three years in our program and to average a double-double in ACC games last season shows his potential.

While we are disappointed to see him leave, we are proud that our program has been able to help another player achieve his dream of playing professional basketball.”

While Moore will be missed, the Old Gold & Black thanks him for three years on the court and for his sincere and honest responses in post-game interviews.

Spring A Capella Concert Showcases Talent

With a crowd packed full of friends, family and avid a cappella fans, Plead the Fifth and Demon Divas hosted their Spring Concert in Brendle Recital Hall on Tuesday night. For the senior members of both groups, the night emotionally marked the end of their college a cappella careers with passionate, powerful performances.

The event started off with Demon Divas performing three songs, each with a talented soloist in the lead. Specifically, they performed Amy Winehouse’s “Valerie” and Panic! at the Disco’s “This is Gospel.” Although both of these songs are technically challenging, the Divas effortlessly performed them with robust vocals.

Next, Plead the Fifth took the stage by performing the classic “Good Old Acappella,” “Perfect” by Ed Sheeran and “River” by Leon Bridges. Presidents Kieran Derfus and Jack Sullivan, along with the rest of the seniors, were congratulated at the end of the set for their dedication to the group.

“Plead the Fifth has been a huge part of my college career and I’m definitely sad to see that chapter of my life come to a close,” Sullivan said. “That said, I’m very excited for what’s to come ahead.” 

Continuing the rotation, Demon Divas took the stage again to perform “Toxic” by Britney Spears, with a solo from senior Calle Koslowske, Hozier’s “Take me to Church” and an Ed Sheeran mashup that included solos from all four of the senior members. They finished off with their trademark song “And So it Goes” by Billy Joel.

Freshman Marie Anderson joined Demon Divas after she decided that she wanted to keep singing in a wider variety of styles after studying vocal performance in high school.

“Performing with the Divas last night was such a rewarding experience because we have worked so hard throughout this entire year and through our hard work we have established wonderful friendships,” Anderson said.

Before Plead the Fifth took the stage for the last time, the two groups performed “You Will Be Found” from Dear Evan Hansen together. Sullivan and Demon Divas’ President Virginia Hamilton shared the solos, passionately vocalizing the positive message of the musical’s song.

The night ended with Plead the Fifth taking the stage one last time. Freshman Anthony DeVincentis took on the solo for Khalid’s “Location,” beautifully executing the chorus with the help of the background vocal rhythms. Finishing off with “Say Something” by A Great, Big World, Plead the Fifth left the audience satisfied after an evening of pleasing vocals.

“You Are Not Safe Here”

An anonymous email sent to 194 students from three email accounts on Sunday evening titled “you are not safe here” issued certain demands to students and administration regarding campus life. A blog post with the same message was also made public a few weeks earlier on March 31. The email and blog post circulated among students on the evening of Sunday, April 8 and quotes Dante’s Inferno and references inviting fellow ‘heretics’ to join them in Hell.

The email makes five specific demands. The first calls for “a true democratization of politics,” meaning rethinking the way politics are discussed on campus beyond an ideological divide. The second demand is that ideas, “not just our speech,” becomes free, and references the Code of Conduct policies at Wake Forest to encourage more integrity in thought. The Sixth Circle also calls for better treatment of campus employees, a complete end to Greek life and an overhaul of the curriculum to inspire more cross-cultural understanding.

It was allegedly written by five students who claim to have been ousted by the Wake Forest community, disguised under the names: “Dante, Virgil, Beatrice, Lucifer and Farinata. Heretics of the Sixth Circle.”

“We have been phased out of your clubs, kicked out of your parties, left out of your meetings, and passed over in your rushes,” wrote the post. “We are five students who are too afraid to speak to you as friends, too angry to speak to you calmly, too tired to speak to you loudly. We have chosen instead to scream.”

After receiving the email on Sunday, many students reported it and the blog post to Campus Police, referencing their concerns for safety on campus. They were not met with immediate action.

However, on Tuesday, April 11, Student Government met with Dean of Students, Adam Goldstein and Wake Forest Emergency Manager, August Vernon. Officials shared that the situation was being addressed by the Crisis Management Team, the Student Incident Team and the CARE team. Student Government and concerned students learned that Wake Forest collaborated with local and federal law enforement, who eventually reached the conclusion that the Sixth Circle’s message did not indicate a direct threat.

“I was confused when I initially got the email,” said one student who called the police at the request of members of their Greek organization. They asked to remain anonymous for safety concerns. “When I called University Police they didn’t really say much, instead they seemed like they had heard multiple people call already so they just wanted to hang up and move on.”

Other students involved in Greek life have voiced opinions regarding the statements against the Greek community, including about the call to end it completely because of its nature of exclusivity. The post also named specific Greek organizations in its criticisms.

“I appreciate that there are members of the Wake Forest community who are willing to share their concerns about the fraternity and sorority community, and I welcome the opportunity to partner with those community members to address those concerns,” said Jack Walsh, the president of the Interfraternity Council. “The fraternity community, like every community, has its strengths and its challenges.”

As students voiced their concerns regarding the email, the Office of Communications and External Relations sent an email to the entire student body on Monday, April 9 reiterating their position that they have found there is no direct threat to students in the message. They also invited students to talk with “caring staff” on Monday in Benson. This guided conversation ranged from students citing reasons for feeling unsafe on campus, to others sharing that they regularly feel unsafe because of their identities.

Other students felt less threatened by the message, citing that its theatrics were more intimidating than the message itself.

“While it was clearly an unconventional and provocative way to present grievances to the Wake Forest community, there were no explicit threats made to any individual nor the school in the post,” junior Charlie Engel said. “Wake needs to continue to take measures to protect freedom of expression, and this is an instance deserving of such.”

By Monday, conversations around campus ranged from fearful to comedic or satiric. For example, Fake Worest, the online satire newspaper, posted on Instagram about the sixth demand of the Sixth Circle being peanut butter in the Pit. Campus Grounds also named a coffee drink after the Sixth Circle called “Dante’s Mocha.”

“I do not feel threatened by the Sixth Circle; some of their concerns were actually valid,” freshman Lane Morris said. “Mostly, I am grateful that they inspired my new favorite drink at Campus Grounds: Dante’s Mocha. It’s delicious.”

Outgoing Student Government President Spencer Schiller voiced his opinion on the matter. Schiller noted that while dialogue is important, inciting fear is not the appropriate manner to begin conversation.

“Questioning institutional structures is important in driving the progressive nature of higher education, but only when done in a civil and academic nature,” Schiller said. “I believe that this language (‘you are not safe here,’ ‘your days are numbered’ and ‘welcome to hell’) has taken away from what seem to be legitimate concerns about the wellbeing of the Wake Forest community.”

Schiller also corrected specific points of the article, noting that some of their points are misinformed. He pointed out that a holistic curriculum review is already underway encouraging a greater emphasis on liberal arts. Further, that a Code of Conduct review will be published on April 17 and actively sought the advice of students. Finally, he added that Aramark is implementing a minimum wage of $11.10/hour to all Wake Forest employees.

While the campus was chattering with talk about the Sixth Circle on Monday, a range of emotions were heard as the message was ultimately a criticism of the student body. Students voiced fear, humor and even criticisms of how they delivered their message, noting that some of the underlying points were valid.

“The email initiated conversation purely based on the fact that it was provocative,” senior Chris Pearcey said. “Instead of taking an opportunity to foster a constructive dialogue, the authors were focused on having an overaggressive, uncompromising verbiage which ultimately weakened the piece’s potential effect.”

The Sixth Circle could not be reached for comment.

University Pledges Support of Paris Agreement

As a signatory of We Are Still In, a climate coalition of American businesses, states, cities and universities dedicated to working toward the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, Wake Forest is continuing its efforts to reduce its carbon emissions.

“In signing it, we’re saying we want to be responsible actors to preserve our planet,” said President Nathan O. Hatch in an interview. “What does that mean? We have to continue to work to that end.”

In 2015, 195 nations signed the Paris Climate Agreement to take a collective step to stop the Earth’s temperature from rising above 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2100, although it has already increased by 1 degree Celsius since 1900. A failure to stop rising temperatures would result in even more extreme weather events and more rising sea levels.

In the Paris Agreement, the U.S. pledged to cut its carbon emissions by 26 to 28 percent of the 2005 levels by 2025 and committed to providing $3 billion in aid to poorer nations by 2020. On June 1, 2017, President Donald Trump announced that he intended to pull the U.S. out of the Paris Agreement. Various subnational groups, including We Are Still In, formed in reaction to Trump’s move.

“Together, we will remain actively engaged with the international community as part of the global effort to hold warming to well below two degrees Celsius and to accelerate the transition to a clean energy economy that will benefit our security, prosperity, and health,” reads the declaration of the We Are Still In coalition, the members of which represent $6.2 trillion of the U.S. economy.

“President Hatch publicly affirmed our commitment to addressing the very real threats posed by our changing climate with his signature on the list,” wrote Katie Neal, a university spokesperson, in an email.

The university’s signature in We Are Still In means that Wake Forest will continue its sustainability efforts, said Dedee DeLongpré Johnston, chief sustainability officer.

“There are three things,” Hatch said. “It’s the continuing to help to make our [carbon] footprint institutionally sustainable, continuing to help all of us live a lifestyle that is sustainable, and then having academic programs so that more of our students leave the university with sound knowledge of what’s happening in the world.”

Wake Forest has been working to improve the carbon footprint of its campus for years.

“Facilities organizations have always been change agents in that,” said John Shenette, the vice president of Facilities and Campus Services. “We have to be.”

“A lot of what’s driving the change on campus is efficiency and saving costs,” said Justin Catanoso, a journalism professor at Wake Forest who is a regular contributor at mongabay.com, an environmental news organization. “It accrues to a smaller carbon footprint, which helps in climate mitigation — that’s the end game.”

One aspect of the effort to reduce the carbon footprint of campus is improving the efficiency of the infrastructure and buildings on campus. In doing so, the amount of electricity that is used is reduced. According to an Environmental Protection Agency report from 2016, electricity generation accounts for the largest share of greenhouse gases, at 31 percent of greenhouse gas emissions since 1990.

The installation of LED lighting is an improvement being made in the interiors and exteriors of buildings across campus.

“A typical interior lighting conversion saves about $35 a year in energy use,” said Doug Ecklund, the Building Systems manager. “By the end of this summer I will have been involved in about 3,500 LED conversions.”

Additionally, the renovations of residence halls Poteat, Huffman, Kitchin and Davis included efficiency and sustainability improvements. Taylor and Efird are slated to be renovated following graduation this year.

Occupancy sensors allow lights and temperatures to be changed when people are not in the room and have resulted in a 20 percent decrease in electricity usage. The ability for Facilities and Campus Services to adjust room temperatures remotely during breaks has also been installed.

The people within these buildings also play an integral role continuing Wake Forest’s sustainability efforts along the lines of its commitment to We Are Still In.

“That’s when you can actually affect change, when you put that many people together,” Catanoso said. “We’re not going to get to the goals of the Paris Agreement without the United States doing everything it can.”

Spring Musical Presents Relatable Themes

Visually and vocally stunning, the Wake Forest cast of Spring Awakening left the audience in awe. This spring musical, written by Steven Sater and music by Duncan Sheik, finds its roots within the 19th-century play by Frank Wedekind. It tells the tale of a town in Germany in 1891, where the world is dominated by the knowledge of the adults. The story covers the topics of sexuality, the shift from adolescence to adulthood, and morality, all while including bits of rock-n-roll. Sound confusing? To an outsider this does not sound like a typical musical, let alone a usual way for a musical to sound, but the Wake Forest cast helps display the importance of these themes in their exhilarating performance.

The plot follows as such. A young German girl, Wendla, has a desire to know where “babies come from” because she is a teenager and still doesn’t know. Her mother, mortified and baffled that she had the audacity to ask the question, beats around the answer. The avoidance of providing proper knowledge is a common theme throughout the story. On the other side of the town is a boy named Melchior who is defiant and provides support for his best friend Mortiz, who is currently blinded by puberty and potential academic failure. Melchior and Wendla stumble upon each other one afternoon and feel for the first time something they have been craving to experience. While they begin to fall in love, Moritz falls apart and slowly so does Wendla. The attempt for the kids to piece their world together against the odds creates a beautiful display of teenage rebellion and the effects of being suppressed by adults.

The Wake Forest production is directed by Sharon Andrews and has senior Caleb Cabiness (Melchior),  senior Anna Hibbert (Wendla) and senior Eli Bradley (Moritz) as its leads. The vocal talent of the cast can be seen easily in the production of each song. It is always fascinating to see how the music and lyrics tell the story away from the dialogue and the songs of Spring Awakening craft a beautiful storyline. Songs such as “The Bitch of Living” and “Totally F****d” act as pieces of rock that play a comical effect on a play set in the 19th century. Cabiness and Bradley especially shine in these two numbers, whether they are jumping off platforms mid-note or performing solos with ease. Hibbert’s songs as Wendla tend to be more ballads but equally display her vocal talent nonetheless. “Mama Who Bore Me” opens the show, and Hibbert performs it effortlessly. Again, her talents are displayed with “Whispering,” a sorrowful pea for how Wendla wants to be remembered in this world. Although it is an adjust from most musicals seen, the switch from rock to a ballad is a transition that does not phase the Wake Forest cast.

A specific mention needs to be given to the cast members of the show who play “Adult Woman” and “Adult Man:” Wake Forest professors Leah Elyce Roy and Michael Kamtman respectively. As the only adults of the show, they go from being teachers and headmasters of the school to playing the roles of various parents, and for Kamtman, the critical part of the doctor. While switching their characters scene to scene, their acting is so convincing that you believe they have transformed. Roy goes from being Wendla’s mother to Melchior’s in an instance and not a single bit of doubt inhibits you from not accepting it. They remain professional and never-troubled by their ever-changing roles.

The original concept for Spring Awakening created a chance for an eight-time Tony winning musical to be revived time and time again. Despite its story reflecting another century, the themes and story feel relatable for just about anyone who has gone through or currently is in their years of adolescence. The musical shifts and the pounding questions of morality attract the audience for successful work. The Wake Forest production beautifully adapts this Broadway production to The Tedford Stage and can be seen again this weekend. The shows run Thursday through Saturday at 7:30 p.m. and a final performance can be seen at 2:00 p.m. on Sunday, April 15.

Deacon Horoscopes

ARIES:

The stars have romantically aligned for you this week, fire sign. While waiting for your penne in the pasta line, you may suddenly find yourself striking up a flirty conversation with another carbs lover.

TAURUS:

Although your spring break trip was filled with drama, be careful when you gossip with your new “froomie.” You never know who will be sitting near you at the Pit or in line behind you at the P.O.D.

GEMINI:

During work study this week, it’s time for you to finally get to know your coworkers. As an air sign, you are sure to enjoy the light-hearted conversation during your shift.

CANCER:

This week, shake things up with a study session in Farrell Hall. Despite the fact that you are not in the Business school, the professional ambience, bagels and natural lighting will give you a much-needed creative boost.

LEO:

Although you can barely remember what you learned in HES 100 your first year, it may be time to look back at those powerpoints. Practice some much needed selfcare this week with a balanced diet and run in Reynolda Gardens.

VIRGO:

Your week-long lucky streak has begun. Whether you get one of the heavily sought-after 5th floor ZSR seats, an extra bag of chips from the vending machine or the last of the 336 Market sushi, take advantage of the universe’s good grace.

LIBRA:

Even though you are still dreaming of the tropical drinks enjoyed over break, don’t spend your lacking food dollars on a Forest Green smoothie that’ll make you late to class. Wait for the weekend and hit up the more economical Juice Shop instead.

SCORPIO:

Although you’ve already written a formidable number of papers during your college career, take a chance and stop by the reference desk with research questions. You never know what you will learn, or who you will meet.

SAGITTARIUS:

While you usually wait in the Starbucks line for your caffeine fix, it’s time to treat yourself. Make your way to Campus Grounds, and order one of their specialty drinks.

CAPRICORN:

Although you swore to never go out on a weekday again, Last Resort is calling your name tonight. Find a group of friends, turn on your “pump up” playlist and make sure you arrive no earlier than midnight.

AQUARIUS:

Happy birth month, Aquarius! To celebrate, make this the week to try new things. Wake up early before class to grab breakfast, take a group fitness class at Reynolds Gym, try a new order at Moe’s or head up to the OGB office and help with edits.

PISCES:

After trying to curb the late-night munchies in preparation for spring break, it’s time to embrace your cravings. When everything else on campus has closed, make your way to Zick’s or Subway for a satisfying late-night meal.

Sexual Assault Reckoning Has Yet to Come at Wake Forest

On a regular February morning in 2014, Elizabeth Kuehn didn’t wake up to her alarm.

Instead, she woke up to something alarming — a male student raping her.

Afterwards, Kuehn, then a sophomore, knew what happened but couldn’t process it. She didn’t cry for two weeks. She blamed herself for months. She constantly worried about taking action against her rapist, wondering if she could prevent him from doing it again.

In the four years that have passed, Kuehn fought to take back control and to heal.

Despite her accomplishments, the #MeToo movement caused Kuehn so much discomfort that she originally did not want to speak out.

When a man tried to grab her underwear through her dress in a bar, Kuehn decided her time had come. She recently published an online article, “Time for Me to Say #MeToo,” about the mental process behind her recovery.

“It’s a lot easier to be vocal when you’re angry than when you’re sad,” Kuehn said.

The #MeToo movement gained traction in October when, in the wake of scandals such as the Harvey Weinstein accusations, actress Alyssa Milano encouraged her Twitter followers to post their experiences of sexual misconduct online or to simply respond with #MeToo, assuring other survivors that they are not alone.

While #MeToo has empowered many people to come forward with their stories, the high frequency of sexual assault on college campuses, including Wake Forest, remains unseen. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that 80 percent of sexual assaults committed against college women go unreported.

“We have no reason to believe that the Wake Forest campus is any different,” said Tanya Jachimiak, the Title IX coordinator. “We do know that the number of reports that we receive do not capture all of the survivors out there.”

There are many factors, both social and personal, that affect a student’s decision to report sexual violence. According to Steph Trilling, assistant director of the Safe Office, these can range from fear of not being believed to worries about consequences.

“Many students say that after an experience of sexual misconduct they just want things to go back to normal,” Trilling said. “Participating in a reporting process can remind them of their experience, which may contribute to further emotional distress.”

In May, Kuehn wanted to report with the school, but as her rapist had graduated, she would have had to press official legal charges. After talking with a criminal defense lawyer who told her that she had a strong case, Kuehn weighed her options. In the end, she made the right decision for herself: to not press charges.

“I thought it would hinder my healing process to have to go through that,” Kuehn said.

Exactly how many collegiate cases exist is hard to discern due to the lack of reporting. A poll by The Washington Post reported that 1 in 5 collegiate women are sexually violated.

According to the Wake Forest Annual Crime and Fire Report, there were 12 reported cases of fondling on campus from 2014 to 2016 and 10 reported cases of rape on campus in the same period.

Juniors Katy Marget and Emily Walton believe there is a high prevalence of sexual misconduct on campus. Together, they run an online blog, titled ‘End the Silence, Wake Forest,’ which publishes anonymous submissions from Wake Forest students in an effort to raise awareness about sexual violence.

On average, they receive three to four submissions per semester of direct stories about experiences of sexual misconduct in addition to the many that express support of survivors.

Marget believes that the anonymity gives more power to the stories than it might take away in how it exemplifies the prevalence of sexual misconduct.

“When you’re reading [the blog], it’s someone you could have class with, it’s someone you could walk by every day,” Marget said.

After publishing her article, Kuehn received responses from 14 current and former Wake Forest students — many of whom she didn’t know — who shared with her their similar experiences. In the era of #MeToo, Kuehn hopes that the stigma of sexual misconduct will dissipate.

“It shouldn’t be that scary for me to tell people that I was raped because I didn’t do anything wrong,” Kuehn said. “What am I so afraid of?”

 

Bias Incident Report Creates Controversy

On Wednesday, Feb. 28, senior Ryan Wolfe appeared on Fox News’ “Tucker Carlson Tonight” to speak about Wake Forest’s response to a bias incident report he submitted regarding perceived harassment he was facing by his peers. On the show, he claimed that the university’s perceived lack of effective action in response to his report exemplified that the university’s policies against bias are not enforced equally for all students.

Wolfe submitted the report a year and a half ago in the fall of 2016, against a group of students who he claims violated the Code of Conduct and harassed him for his race and political views. Wolfe was upset with the way the university handled the situation. The story broke following an article published by The Wake Forest Review on Monday, Feb. 26, and has since garnered national attention.

The article, titled “Wake Forest Declines to Enforce Harassment Policies for Conservative Student,” has been picked up by several online conservative media platforms. Various publications include The Daily Caller, College Fix, Truth Revolt and Drudge Report, many of them reinforcing The Review’s claim that Wolfe’s experience exemplifies the university’s inconsistent approach to bias incident reports, and can be generalized to reflect the experiences of many conservative students on what they consider liberal college campuses.

Wolfe filed the incident report in question after an encounter he had with fellow students at a panel discussion titled “The Future of the GOP,” held on Oct. 26, 2016. The event was hosted at the Wake the Vote hub and was sponsored by College Republicans — of which Wolfe was president at the time — The Wake Forest Review and Wake the Vote.

All four students speaking on the panel were white, something many attendees found issue with. In response to a photo posted on Facebook of the four panelists, junior Char Van Schenck commented “loving the lineup” with a photo of four Saltine crackers. As this gained more attention on Twitter, Wolfe responded to a related tweet by junior Brianna Reddick, saying, “Your mentions aren’t a safe space and neither is this panel. See you there.” Reddick responded: “if you don’t GET your mayonnaise monster looking asss OUT my mentions.”

Van Schenck, along with several other students, later attended the event after learning about the all-white speaker lineup.

“The intention was to go to the panel and ask questions to show the shortsightedness and ignorance of The Review,” junior David Ajamy said.

Other students that were involved with attending the panel, but who did not participate in handing Wolfe the crackers, were contacted as a result of the Bias Reporting System investigation. Richard Caban Cubero (‘17) was a senior at the time.

“I was a concerned student who attended the event with fellow queer and black and brown students, because we were concerned about the line up being completely white,” Caban Cubero said.

Throughout the question and answer session, only four crowd members were allowed to speak, the last of which was Van Schenck, who asked why the entire panel was white. Following the panel discussion, Reddick approached Wolfe and handed him a box of Saltine crackers. She then posted a photo of this on Twitter with the caption, “Today, I handed the saltiest Republican a box of Saltine crackers.”

Although Wolfe had seen Van Schenck’s comment about Saltine crackers on Facebook prior to this and had responded to a related tweet by Reddick, he “knew that something like that would not be tolerated if a similar thing had happened to someone of any other race here.” Wolfe also called the incident after the panel event “next-level” and “more personal” than what had been circulating online.

When the Anna Julia Cooper Center Director, Melissa Harris-Perry, and the Executive Director of the Pro Humanitate Institute, Marianne Magjuka, heard about the incident, they encouraged Wolfe to file a bias incident report with the university. A few days later, Wolfe received screenshots of a GroupMe conversation in which his face photoshopped onto a cracker had circulated further. He added this to the bias report, and met with Dean of Students Adam Goldstein a few weeks later on Nov. 9 — the day after President Trump’s election.

Goldstein told Wolfe that he had three options: to file a “no contact” order, to try and mediate, or to bring in a judicial case against the students involved. Wolfe decided to file a “no contact” order request against Ajamy and then-senior Madeline Coffey (‘17), to request mediation with Caban Cubero and Van Schenck, and to request a judicial case against Reddick and then-sophomore Julius Goble. Neither Coffey nor Ajamy were made aware of the request for a no contact order, as the university declined to issue them. Coffey was out of town the day of the panel discussion.

“If we had it my way we would just abide by the First Amendment and we wouldn’t have all these rules,” Wolfe said. “But if we’re going to have these strict rules and this Bias Reporting System, then everyone needs to be held accountable in the exact same way … regardless of your identity, regardless of your politics, regardless of national political events.”

A few weeks passed and Dean Goldstein, along with Director of the LGBTQ Center Angela Mazaris, had a 2.5 hour discussion with some of the students involved, not including Wolfe. The students spoke with administrators about keeping actions respectful and were asked to reflect on how they had responded to Wolfe’s political views.

“The bias response team had determined that our jokes were not sufficient to justify a restraining order or juridical action because they could not point to any actual violence that we had justified toward Ryan Wolfe,” Van Schenck said.

Wolfe spoke with Goldstein to ask if any further action had been taken beyond the discussion with the students.

“I was told, in many words, by Adam Goldstein that President Trump’s election somehow justified their behavior even though the incident happened before [the election], and if I brought a judicial case it would be worse for me,” Wolfe said during his appearance on Fox News.

Because it was nearing the end of the fall semester, Wolfe chose to drop the issue, even though he disagreed with Bias Reporting Committee’s response to his complaints. When asked why he waited until a year and a half later to share his experience, Wolfe noted that he feared pursuing the issue would have reflected negatively on College Republicans, as his role as their president required he have a working relationship with Goldstein. He also cited fear of retribution from the university, whereas now he is a senior about to graduate.

“Looking back 1.5 years later, I agree with the committee that my actions were juvenile,” Van Schenck said. “However, they were not violent, especially not in a way that put Ryan in any danger. As such, the conversation was enough to get me to realize the error of my ways without over-punishing me.”

As a result of The Review’s article going viral, Van Schenck has been the recipient of targeted backlash online.

“With the maturity and experience I’ve gained, I would not have published the single joke that I made on Facebook,” Van Schenck said. “However, I don’t think that this should be the center of conversation. The fact that my name and face has been circulating around far-right, neo-Nazi circles of Twitter and Reddit is unacceptable.”

Reddick has deleted the Twitter account on which she posted the photo of herself handing Wolfe the box of crackers. She did not respond to the Old Gold & Black’s request for comment.  

While Caban Cubero was not directly involved in the incidents mentioned, they do not think that the actions were wrong.

“Had I participated in the act, I would’ve defended the handing of the cracker box, because drawing attention to the lack of racial diversity on the panel does not equate the the dangerous actions Ryan Wolfe and other students at the predominantly-white Wake Forest Review took to alienate and attack marginalized communities on Wake Forest’s campus,” Caban Cubero said, referring to various articles published by The Review on topics such as bias, immigration and race.

The day before the election, Wolfe and Caban Cubero, then unaware of the report, met to have an informal conversation on politics and views in general.

“We connected on a variety of issues and had really great conversation,” Caban Cubero said.

“It went well and we found common ground. It was essentially a mediation without a mediator. I thought and think they are a reasonable person,” Wolfe said. Wolfe has also been working in collaboration this semester with Van Schenck for an unrelated event, for whom he had submitted the other mediation request.

“I do not, by any standard, hate Ryan Wolfe as a person,” Van Schenck said. “I think that his politics are terrible, and the article published on his behalf by Anthony Palumbo has done real violence to students of color and LGBTQ students on campus. But this won’t prevent me from engaging in constructive dialogue with him or any member of the Right on campus.”

At the time of this series of events, tensions on campus were high, specifically within political groups such as Wake the Vote. Ajamy, who had been in Wake the Vote with Wolfe since his freshman year, said that the incidents involving Wolfe, specifically the photoshop meme, were “a joke, but nonetheless a mean joke.”

In a statement, Executive Director of News and Communications Katie Neal wrote of Wolfe’s comments on Carlson, “We can say that the narrative oversimplifies a complex situation that took place 16 months ago in the heat of a polarizing national election.”

“I think many of Ryan’s views and the Review’s views are dangerous, and devalue identities on campus by telling people that they don’t belong,” Ajamy said. “[Many students] saw [Wolfe] as the epitome of The Review, of the right, and Ryan puts himself out there.”

Of the circulation online, Wolfe said, “It’s strange to have this social media mob be created and start coming at you, but not surprising in the sense that, in Wake the Vote, I was by far the most outspoken conservative student. I knew that some people in the group were not a fan of my politics, and by extension me.”

Ajamy said that Wolfe was not on a friendly basis with many because of his outspoken political views, and said that having heated discourse was not uncommon between members of Wake the Vote.

“The arguments, while not always the most progressive in getting beyond the political climate, were important for us to express our emotions and be open with each other; it brought us together as a cohort and helped us to understand the political climate of America,” Ajamy said. “I don’t think making a meme out of him is productive. Giving him a box of crackers is ridiculous. It’s all kinda stupid and childish.”

Goldstein and Goble did not respond to a request for comment.

Heather Hartel and Becky Swig contributed reporting.

*A previous version of this article stated that Reddick handed Wolfe a box of crackers with his face Photoshopped on them. This was error; it was a regular box of crackers. The print version of this article is shorter than what appears online due to space constrictions.

Campus Play, “The Adding Machine,” Explores Existentialism

Though you enter The Adding Machine expecting to see a play about the perils of technology and the way it changes society and humanity, your general questioning about humanity after the play will certainly not be about technology, but instead will focus on mortality and whether being a good person even matters. Continue reading “Campus Play, “The Adding Machine,” Explores Existentialism”

Carl Bernstein Explores Echoes of Watergate

“The best obtainable version of the truth.” Renowned journalist Carl Bernstein repeatedly emphasized this ideal, which he said has guided his decades-long career in reporting, at his lecture at the Temple Emanuel synagogue on Feb. 24. Bernstein was sponsored by the Winston-Salem branch of the United Jewish Appeal and spoke to more than one hundred congregants and members of the Winston-Salem community. Continue reading “Carl Bernstein Explores Echoes of Watergate”